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WASTE VALORIZATION TO LIQUID HYDROCARBON FUELS

Objectives:The numerous challenges associated with proper handling of household and municipal solid wastes (including plastics and agricultural residue) are increasingly triggering environmental degradation and economic inconsistencies worldwide. These coupled with the escalation in liquid fuels demand must be carefully addressed for future energy and environmental sustainability.Therefore, waste valorization into liquid transportation fuels stands a multi-functional approach for addressing these inconsistencies. Participants should at the end of the program fully understand the problems of waste handling, technologies for valorization into valuable liquid fuels and the future prospects. Areas requiring further attention would also be critically analyzed for research benefits.

Contents:

Overview of global waste production and handling challenges.

  • Other approaches to waste valorization
  • Waste pyrolysis and industrial status.
  • Waste gasification and industrial status.
  • Gas-to-liquid hydrocarbon fuels.
  • Areas of future focus for the refineries.

Participants:

Environmental Scientists, Refinery Managers, Chemical Engineers, Material Scientists, Chemists, Petroleum Chemists, Renewable Energy Engineers, Chemical Physicists, Petroleum Engineers, Biotechnologists, Hydrocarbon Industrialists.

Fee:

Duration:  2 days

Number:  P101

Faculty Leader/Director: Dr. Ahmad Galadima

Dr. Galadima can be reached via: ahmadgldm@yahoo.com


VEGETABLE OILS UPGRADING INTO DIESEL AND JET FUELS

Objectives:

The rapid growth in global aviation industry and the escalated demand for diesel fuels infer that over-dependence on only petroleum sources should be recasted. The Valorization of non-edible vegetable oils into these fuels had been predicted to have good future prospects for the benefits of petroleum refineries.

Interestingly, studies featured that minor modifications would be required to the existing refinery facilities in order to achieve optimal production. Consistently, overall process economics are in conformity with the global energy finance.

Therefore, understanding the process life cycle will go a long way to enrich the participants with adequate experience involved.

Contents:Review of diesel and jet fuels production from petroleum refining.

  • Vegetable oils and chemical characteristics.
  • Refining flow diagram for vegetable oils to diesel and jet fuels.
  • Reaction catalysis and challenges.
  • Industrial status and ways forward.

Participants:  Environmental Scientists, Refinery Managers, Chemical Engineers, Material Scientists, Chemists, Petroleum Chemists, Renewable Energy Engineers, Chemical Physicists, Petroleum Engineers, Biotechnologists, Hydrocarbon Industrialists, etc.

Fee:                                                                                                                                                Duration: 2days

Number:P102

Faculty Leader/Director: Dr. Ahmad Galadima

Dr. Galadima can be reached via: ahmadgldm@yahoo.com


BIOETHANOL PROCESSING INTO PETROCHEMICALS AND LIQUID HYDROCARBONS

Objectives:

There is no doubt the global production of ethanol had been increasing continuously. For instance, in 1999, the annual USA ethanol production was 1.47 billion gallons but increased to 14 billion gallons in the recent years. A similar trend had been found in the African and Asian countries.Although blending with gasoline option is considered in many countries, challenges such as destruction to engine parts, phase separation, inconsistences for used in marine and aviation engines attributed to the search for better utilization routes. Upgrading into petrochemicals and liquid hydrocarbons in the range of gasoline diesel and jet fuels is a more prospective technology for the refineries. Therefore, learning this course will improve the participants’ knowledge on the overall process involved.

Contents:

Global overview and perspective of bioethanal production.

  • Challenges of Ethanal/petrol blends.
  • Ethanal to petrochemicals technology.
  • Ethanal to liquid hydrocarbon fuels (petrol, diesel and jet fuels).
  • Industrial states and future prospects.

Participants:   

Environmental Scientists, Refinery Managers, Chemical Engineers, Material Scientists, Chemists, Petroleum Chemists, Renewable Energy Engineers, Chemical Physicists, Petroleum Engineers, Biotechnologists, Hydrocarbon Industrialists, etc.

Fee:

Duration:2days

Number:P103Faculty Leader/Director: Dr. Ahmad Galadima

Dr. Galadima can be reached via: ahmadgldm@yahoo.com


ETHERS TO HYDROCARBONS PROCESS

Objectives:

Hydrocarbons with strong potentials as raw-materials for the petrochemical industries are commonly derived from petroleum refining. The Fluid Catalytic Cradcing (FCC) employed is more selective to gasoline (50%) and methane than for example ethylene, propylene and butylenes that are optimal candidates for the production of fuel products, with basically negligible destructive property to the required engines performance. An alternative currently considered by industries is the transformation of ethers (normally dimethyl ether, DME) into the olefinic hydrocarbons. The overall process can be achieved using the regular Zeolite catalysts and operation parameters employed for the FCC process. Thus, participation would provide new insights into the alternative paths for petrochemicals and fuels-based olefinic hydrocarbons production using relatively a cheaper feedstock.

Contents:

Review of fluid catalytic craking (FCC) process for olefinic hydrocarbons and fuels production.

  • Process challenges;
  • Dimethyl ether (DME) as cheap primary feed stock for the refineries;
  • Conversion technology for ethylene, propylene, butylenes and other fuels range hydrocarbons;
  • Industrial status, prospects and challenges.

Participants:

Environmental Scientists, Refinery Managers, Chemical Engineers, Material Scientists, Chemists, Petroleum Chemists, Renewable Energy Engineers, Chemical Physicists, Petroleum Engineers, Biotechnologists, Hydrocarbon Industrialists.

Fee:Duration: 3 days

Number:P104

Faculty Leader/Director: Dr. Ahmad Galadima

Dr. Galadima can be reached via: ahmadgldm@yahoo.com


BIOSYNTHESIS GAS TO PETROL, DIESEL AND JET FUELS

Objectives:

The increasing interest in biogas (i.e. biomethane) production from the cheap and abundant biomass feedstock is triggering the search for new valorization paths. Gasification of the biomethane into systhesis gas (i.e. CO+H2) is an option with strong potentials for the energy industry. When produced, the biosynthesis gas could be upgraded using modern technologists into liquid automobiles and aviation fuels. Therefore, studying the course will be very vital for improving our understanding of new valorization paths for biomethane and the economic relevance.

Contents: 

Global overview of biomethane (i.e. biogas) production and utilization.

  • Biogas to Biosynthesis gas technology.
  • Industrial status of the biosynthesis gas production process.
  • Biosynthesis gas to liquid fuels (i.e. petrol, diesel and jet fuels).
  • Prospects and challenges.

Participants:

Environmental Scientists, Refinery Managers, Chemical Engineers, Material Scientists, Chemists, Petroleum Chemists, Renewable Energy Engineers, Chemical Physicists, Petroleum Engineers, Biotechnologists, Hydrocarbon Industrialists.

Fee:

Duration: 2 days

Number: P105Faculty Leader/Director: Dr. Ahmad Galadima

Dr. Galadima can be reached via: ahmadgldm@yahoo.com

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